What’s the difference between antivirus and anti-malware?
Virus vs. malware
Before we can answer that, we need to first unveil what, exactly, are viruses and malware. A virus is a piece of code that is capable of copying itself in order to do damage to your computer, including corrupting your system or destroying data. Malware, on the other hand, is an umbrella term that stands for a variety of malicious software, including Trojans, spyware, worms, adware, ransomware, and yes, viruses. So the logic follows: all viruses are malware. Not all malware are viruses. Ya dig?
Unfortunately we can’t stop there because it’s a little more complicated than that. Viruses are considered to be legacy threats. By this we mean: they’ve been around for a while and haven’t changed all that much. They aren’t used very often by today’s cyber criminals, which is why many antivirus companies have evolved to fight more than “just” viruses. This can include infectious malware like worms, web threats like keyloggers, or concealment malware, such as rootkits.
So why do antivirus companies still call themselves antivirus? Since viruses made headlines in the 90s, security companies focused their efforts on fighting them. Thus the term antivirus was born. It all boils down to marketing. Most people are familiar with computer viruses and what they do. Not a lot of people know what malware is.
Compare and contrast
Still, there are key differences between antivirus and anti-malware software that go beyond semantics. What differentiates antivirus and anti-malware companies are the types of malware they specialize in and how they deal with them.
Antivirus usually deals with the older, more established threats, such as Trojans, viruses, and worms. Anti-malware, by contrast, typically focuses on newer stuff, such as polymorphic malware and malware delivered by zero-day exploits. Antivirus protects users from lingering, predictable-yet-still-dangerous malware. Anti-malware protects users from the latest, currently in the wild, and even more dangerous threats. In addition, anti-malware typically updates its rules faster than antivirus, meaning that it’s the best protection against new malware you might encounter while surfing the net. By contrast, antivirus is best at crushing malware you might contract from a traditional source, like a USB or an email attachment.
If antivirus and anti-malware were dances, antivirus would be the waltz and anti-malware would be hip-hop.
So which one should you choose?
No one tool can catch everything, which is why security experts recommend a layered approach. It’s better to have more than one set of eyes looking at threats from different angles. “I’m sure you’ve heard the old saying ‘jack of all trades, master of none,’” says Samuel Lindsey, Malwarebytes user advocate. “That’s how I see all-in-one security suites; they just can’t detect everything on any given day.”
Your best bet is to use an antivirus program to catch the classic threats and an anti-malware program, like Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Premium, for the newer, more advanced dangers. And you needn’t worry about the impact of running two real-time scanners at the same time on your machine’s performance—most anti-malware software is lightweight, easy-to-run, and designed to work alongside antivirus.